how much faster do ammonia (nh3) molecules effuse than carbon monoxide (co) molecules?

 


how much faster do ammonia (nh3) molecules effuse than carbon monoxide (co) molecules?

Answer:

The molecules of ammonia will effuse 1.28 times faster than carbon monoxide.

Explanation:

The kinetic molecular theory tells us that

Vrms = √(3RT/MW) where vrms is the root mean square velocity of an ideal gas So vrms is inversely proportional to MW and so will be the rate of effusion. Comparing ammonia and co we have:

rate (NH3)/rate(CO) = √MWCO/√MWNH3 = √28.01/√17.03 = 1.28

rate(NH3) = 1.28 rate CO

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